05.10.2022 353


Visiting European capitals, and getting to know and see these cultures is an activity every person should do once in a lifetime. European cities fascinate everyone with thousands of years of history, museums, roads, and food. In this article, we will try to tell you the places you must see in the capitals of Europe and their most notable aspects.
  1. Rome

When Rome is mentioned, the first thing that comes to mind is its magnificent buildings and pizza. Here, we will try to list the couple of things you must see in Rome.

  1. Colosseum

  • The Colosseum, the symbolic structure of Rome and the Roman Empire continues to be the symbol of the city in the heart of ancient Rome for almost 2,000 years. More than 6 million people visit this symbolic structure every year.
  • Located in the center of Rome and just southeast of the Roman Forum, the address of the building is Piazza del Colosseo, 1.00184 Rome. Getting here as a tourist is also very easy.
  • If you are going from Piazza Navona, Pantheon, and these areas, you can reach the building in 15-20 minutes on foot, and if you are going from Termini Train Station, you can reach the building in 10 minutes on foot.
  • Those who prefer public transportation should use the Metro B line to get off at Colosseo Station, which takes less than 1 minute to walk to the building.
  1. Roman Forum

  • The Forum, which was the center of Roman public life for centuries and became the center of religious and secular performances and ceremonies during the Imperial period, was home to many of the city's most magnificent temples and monuments.
  • Also known as Forum Romanum, this region was home to commerce, worship, justice, sex and business centers during the Roman Empire. The area at the center of social life is one of the most impressive historical areas of Rome today.
  • You can visit "Ancient Rome", which includes the Colosseum, Forum, and Palatine Hill, as a single region. You can easily reach the Colosseo stop of the Metro B line, which provides access to the Colosseum, which we mentioned above.
  1. Pantheon

  • The historical building, which was once described as the "Temple of All Gods", was built between 118-125 years. Emperor Hadrian requested the construction of this wonderful structure.
  • While visiting the Pantheon, you can see many tombs of rulers, artists, and architects. You can even encounter many fascinating details that were added after it was converted into a church.
  • The Pantheon is located on the Piazza Della Rotonda square in the capital city of Rome. It can be reached by tram line 8 or bus lines C3, 40, 46, 62, 63, 64, 70, 81, 87, 116, 119, 492, 628.
  1. Paris

Paris is one of the most touristic cities in the world in terms of places to visit. So where to visit in Paris, the beautiful capital of France?

  1. Eiffel Tower

  • It was impossible not to talk about France and not to mention the Eiffel Tower, which is an engineering marvel.
  • The iconic tower with 3 viewing terraces was brought to the city as the entrance gate of the Expo 1889 Fair, which was held within the framework of the 100th anniversary celebrations of the French Revolution.
  • Although most of the people of Paris do not have positive thoughts about the 324-meter Eiffel Tower, especially travelers that visit the capital of France for the first time, flock to the tower to enjoy the wonderful view and have romantic moments.
  1. Versailles Palace and Gardens

  • By adding the Palace and Gardens of Versailles to your list of places to visit in Paris, you can experience the impressive palaces and gardens that have a different aspects of Paris.
  • The palace, which is 20 kilometers from the city center, was first built in the XIII century. It was built as a modest hunting lodge during the Louis era. XIV. During the reign of Louis XVI, it was expanded to accommodate 20 thousand people.
  • Considered the end of the Baroque period and the beginning of the classical style, the Palace of Versailles is one of the architectural works that summarize French history, as well as reflect all the features of the royal period.
  1. Louvre Museum

  • While talking about the symbols of the city, it is necessary not to miss the Louvre Museum, which is among the most important in the world.
  • The Louvre Museum (originally the Musée du Louvre) is located in Paris, the magnificent city of France. It is called the city center, covering more than 60,600 square meters, close to the Sein River in the west of the city.
  • Louvre is known as the most famous and largest museum worldwide. Dates back to 1973. It stands out among the others as it hosts hundreds of classical and modern art masterpieces.
  1. Vienna

With its opera house, delicious coffees, streets smelling history and art, and magnificent palaces, Vienna is a treasure that everyone should visit and see. It is a city where the spirit of the House of Habsburg, Sigmund Freud, Johann Strauss, Beethoven and of course Mozart wanders. This city deserves to be included in the UNESCO World Heritage List with its historical texture. Vienna is a popular tourist city that is shown as the most populous city in Austria with a population of 1.9 million.

  1. Hofburg Imperial Palace

  • Hofburg Palace is one of the most important historical buildings of Vienna, the capital of Austria, also known as the city of palaces.
  • The building, which was the center of the Austrian monarchs until the end of World War I, hosted many important people and dynasties of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, especially the Habsburg Dynasty.
  • The building bears different traces of 700 years of architectural history. While the palace, where many styles can be observed from Gothic to Renaissance, Baroque to Rococo, and Classicism, was used more as a winter mansion by the dynasty, Schönbrunn Palace was preferred as a summer residence.
  1. Saint Stephan's Cathedral

  • St. Stephen's Cathedral has become the symbol of freedom in Vienna and has witnessed many wars and fires. This historical building is visited by approximately 2 million people a year.
  • St. Stephen's Cathedral (Stephansdom) is located in Stephansplatz, the heart of Vienna. The cathedral is the most important symbol of Vienna, is one of the most important structures in Austria and Europe. When you climb to the South Tower of the cathedral, which gives its name to the square on which it is located, you encounter a magnificent view of Vienna.
  • Duke of Austria IV. Built by Rudolf, St. Stephen's Cathedral was built in 1147. There are sections such as Giants' Gate, Pagan Towers, Tower Cone, Tiled Roof, Preacher's Chair, and High Altar.
  • The cathedral, which has been restored many times, became a shelter for the people during the Ottoman sieges of Vienna.
  • The traces of those days are still in St. Stephen. You can see the statue of the Ottoman raider, symbolizing the victory of the Vienna sieges, and the 20-ton Pummerin Bell, made by melting the guns and cannons left behind from the second siege.
  1. Museumsquartier

  • Located in the city center, the MuseumsQuartier is an enormous complex that acts as Vienna's art center. 
  • Opened in 2001, Quarter Vienna, which is shown as one of the largest art and culture complexes in the world, is spread over an area of 90 thousand square meters, with courtyards, cafes, galleries, and shops combined with modern museum architecture within the buildings dating from the 18th and 19th centuries.
  • Leopold museum and MUMOK are the most visited museums by art lovers. Architekturzentrum Wien and Kunsthalle Wien are other museums that might interest you. You can easily reach this area with the U2 metro line.