WHAT IS A CYST AND HOW TO TREAT IT?
Health
23.01.2023 219

WHAT IS A CYST AND HOW TO TREAT IT?

Cysts, are frequently heard in the medical field and are the subject of many diseases; benign cysts or malign cysts, fluid, semi-solid or air-filled sac-like formations that can occur in different parts of the body. We can liken the cysts, which we can see in almost all organs in the body, from the brain to the ovaries, to bubbles filled with water, which can be in very different sizes.

Some cysts are known to be benign. These cysts may disappear spontaneously over time. Even if it does not disappear, it does not pose any threat to the health of the person. However, malignant cysts can grow over time and cause serious diseases. The most feared disease is cancer, as anyone can guess. Cysts need to be taken seriously. Otherwise, these cysts can cause many negativities.

  1. What Are The Cyst And Tumor Differences?

Even though they are similar in terms of their formation, tumor and cyst are actually two different concepts. We can briefly list the differences between tumors and cysts as follows:

  • A tumor is a solid mass of tissue. It may or may not be cancerous.
  • A cyst is a small sac that may contain fluid, air, or solid material. Most cysts are not cancerous.
  • The most common types of cysts in the human body develop in the ovaries and just below the skin. These are also called sebaceous cysts.
  • Tumors are abnormal tissues that can occur anywhere in the body. Malignant tumors are usually cancerous tissues.
  • Malignant tumor types, on the other hand, destroy the surrounding tissues as well as the tissue they originate from. In time, there is a situation such as jumping to other body organs through calving.
  • The inner parts of the cysts can be filled with air or fluid, or they can be semi-liquid. Cysts, which are initially millimeters in size, may grow over time.
  • Since most cysts are benign, they do not pose a danger in general. Since the growth rates are not very fast, the transformation rate into a different disease over time is low.
  1. What Are The Types Of Cysts?

There are many different types of cysts. These varieties have their characteristics and their effects on human health may differ from each other. To treat cysts, their features should be known. Cysts diagnosed early are easier to treat than cysts diagnosed late.

Types of cysts are usually referred to by their location. Ovarian cysts, uterine cysts, kidney cysts, breast cysts or dermoid and epidermoid cysts are the most common cysts. Cysts in the liver can be dangerous. For this reason, to fully understand the seriousness of the situation, the necessary controls should be made and it should not be late for this.

  1. What Causes A Cyst?

The reasons for the appearance of cysts are very diverse. Several reasons such as infections and occlusion of the oil glands may predispose to the formation of cysts. However, the appearance of cysts can occur without any reason. Some of the factors that play a role in the appearance of cysts are:

  • Fluid accumulation as a result of blockages in the channels in any part of the body.
  • Genetic factors or congenital causes.
  • Obstruction of the excretory ducts of the glands in the body.
  • Material accumulated as a result of cellular deformations and cell death in cells in the body.
  • Tumor formations.
  • Formation of chambers (compartments) due to infection or previous operations and remaining fluid in them.
  • The secretions of chronic inflammations in the body remain between the tissues.
  • Anomaly situations may occur during embryo development.
  • Parasites in the body.
  • Injury, injury or trauma.
  1. How Are Cysts Treated?

The treatment method for cysts be determined by considering the general health status of the patient. For this, patients who apply to the physician with the complaint of cysts are first subjected to a detailed diagnosis and examination process.

The treatment process in cysts differs according to which organ and tissue the cyst is located and its type. Regular follow-up is usually recommended for cysts that are found to be benign, do not tend to grow, and do not cause any discomfort to the person. Spontaneous healing can be observed in cyst cases followed for a certain period and supported by the use of medication depending on the type.

However, cysts that do not heal, do not shrink or have a tendency to grow despite being followed for a long time, and which are suspected of cancer, are usually removed with the help of surgical operation upon the recommendation of a physician. Cysts formed on the skin can be easily removed by applying local anesthesia with incisions of varying sizes depending on the size of the cyst.